Author Guidelines

Manuscript structure

Writing a scientific communication; be it research article or any other form of communication follows a rigid pattern or format that an author should follow. The format that you will follow with us is a result of the tedious process that focuses transfer of information between you and the scientific community. Here some changes you may notice in the heading or the typography of the article are made to suit the reading style of different readers and to ease the process of online publication of your article. We expect you to follow this guideline with caution, although we do know that you will take utmost care while writing the article but we still check for mistakes in formatting on our end and we would appreciate your effort if you have already followed the format. Here is a general format that an article follows:

Section Heading
Title Should Highlights the main issue in your manuscript
Author Mention the name(s) of all the contributors
Abstract Brief summary about your research and outcomes
Keywords Essential to identify your article easily

Body Structure :

Introduction Base of your research
Methodology Describes the techniques used
Result & Discussion Mentions your findings/outcomes
Conclusions Findings supported with due justification
Acknowledgement All contributing people to be recognized
References Already published work should be recognized
Supplements Supporting information related to research


  • Title should highlight the content of the manuscript
  • Should not be more than 50 words
  • Unambiguous and specific, avoid unnecessary words and punctuations.
  • Enticing and should be able to draw the reader to itself


All the authors who have made a contribution to your research deserve to be credited for the work and the names should be listed in the same line separated by a comma. It is not necessary that the corresponding author should always be the first author, and the order of name may vary as per your convenience. But it is advised to highlight the name of the corresponding author with a star (Example: Abhishek Prasad*) so as to make it easy for the readers to identify the corresponding author. Correspondence should include Email address, Telephone / Mob. No.

Affiliation or address:

It is mandatory for you to include the affiliation or address(s) of the institute where the work has been carried out


Abstract is one of the major components of your article and it should be able to define your research and should also give a brief account of your methodology adopted, results findings and conclusion that you came upon in your research. In short abstract describes your research in a fewer words. Usually we would advise you to restrict your abstract to 250 words and avoid the use of tables, figures or any other type of illustrations. References need not be mentioned in the abstract and make sure that it gives sufficient details to the reader.


Choosing the right keyword is very important as it will increase the chances of your article to be found, also the keywords should reflect your research and it would be an advantage if your keywords are already used in the title. Restrict your keywords to a minimum or 3 and a maximum or 7.


Background should be brief and should provide background of the research or study; it should also highlight the aim of the study or research. You should also state the relevant finding and results of others that you found challenging and the issues that you are extending in your article.


Commonly known as materials and methods, this section should include enough data so that your research can be replicated easily by an expert of your field, if you are using a previously known technique; you should state the name of the technique and if you are modifying and techniques you should give the necessary amendments that you have made. You should also state the type of data recorded its frequency and should also state any statistical method or software used in the analysis of your data. It is also advised to write the article in past tense as the research has already been conducted.

Results & Discussion:

This section of your article should include a detailed account of the findings that have been recorded and author should provide a clear explanation of the findings, their significance and relevance. Raw data is rarely included in any scientific article so it is advised that you should analyze the data before hand and should represent it in form of graphs, charts or tables.


In simple words this section describes what your research finding means. You should also interpret your results and give an account on its significance. You should also try to answer the hypothesis that led you to do the research on the first basis. Lastly your conclusions should be based on the findings and should have a logical explanation instead of making biased judgments.


You should make this section brief and should give the names of all the contributors that have helped you in conducting your research.


If you have any supplement raw data, video or any other documented evidence that you feel to share you should include that in the supplementary material or you can give the URL of the page from where the reader can download the content.


A research is mostly derives knowledge from the previous research that has already been made public and that has been tested over time, it is important to acknowledge any previously published work.


It is important to give the citation of the previously published work as it appears in the content of the article. It should be mentioned in Vancouver or numbered format. The references cited should always be in square brackets and should always appear before the punctuation.

Reference list:

You should list the references as it appears in the text. The number of references should be limited to 50.


Section Headings or typography:

Typography is one major component of the written form of communication and it is very important that you follow the prescribed format that is mentioned under this section


There can be three levels of headings

Level 1: Main heading:

  • Main heading should be Bold and all caps
  • Heading should be numbered
  • Font used should be Times New Roman (bold) and 12 points

Level 2: Sub heading:

  • Sub heading should be italics and should have a space between the main heading and the content
  • It should also be numbered under the main heading
  • Font used should be Times New Roman(italics) with 10 points

Level 3: Sub-sub heading:

  • It should be italics and should not have space between the content paragraph, but should have a space between the sub heading if the sub-sub heading is given directly under the sub heading.
  • Font used should be Times New Roman(italics) with 10 points


Bullets can be used anywhere in the content, taking into consideration that the bullet size should be small.

Line spacing:

Line spacing in the content should be 1.0

Colors and highlight:

Font and text color should be black and highlights should not be used anywhere in the article.

Images, tables and graphs:

Images, tables and graphs should be numbered and should always be mentioned whenever referencing to them in the article.

Peer review:

All articles submitted to us are subjected to stringent reviewing process for considering a manuscript for publication. These submitted manuscripts are edited by acknowledged experts in their respective fields the reviewer is assigned by the journal editor. Editor can decide whether to not to send a manuscript for review and handle the review process by themselves

Key points:

  • To ensure that only good quality research is published, reviewer determines the originality, and significance of work.
  • If appropriate reviewers sometimes suggest minor alterations in the manuscript or research, and if the article fails in the terms of originality and validity reviewer have the right to reject the articles.

What do reviewers do?

Reviewers are generally scientists or academician who have colossal experience in their fields and have acknowledged themselves as experts of the subject. What a reviewer does is recommend the editor of the journal to accept the manuscript, accept with modification or reject the manuscript. For their assessment they have stringent guidelines that make certain that only a good quality manuscript is published, they also have an editorial form and a checklist to help them evaluate the content for its authenticity and closely look at the methodology that you have adopted, they also check for the structure of the manuscript and if you have referenced the articles correctly. Based on these stringent guidelines they recommend the editor to publish the manuscript.

Type of reviews:

Type of review process
Single Blind review Identity of the author is not disclosed to the reviewer
Double Blind review Identity of reviewer and author are undisclosed to each other
Open review Both author and reviewer are known

Word of caution:

By publishing your article with us, you enter into a legal agreement with us and accept the terms and agreement of publishing with us and it’s the responsibility of an author to act ethically and in a sound manner. We are dedicated to protect the rights of an author; we make it certain that your work is solely credited to your name. We would suggest you to go through and understand the terms and conditions carefully.

Certifications, Copyrights, Reproductions & Permissions:

  • It is the responsibility of the author to check for the copyright and ownership issues related to the content published in the article and if such content do appear in the article it is the duty of the author to obtain permission from the copyright or ownership holder, also the content should be properly credited. The author will whole sole responsible for any legal issues related to copyright and reproducing of any data or information.
  • Submission of manuscript to the journal also implies that the author has given contribution in materializing the research.

Ethical issues:

The value of publishing relies on everyone involved in behaving ethically and at Journal’s center we are committed to uphold the integrity of work we publish.


  • Before submitting of the manuscript for publication at the journal the author should be certain that it is free from any disputed and obligation, and do not violate any copyright or ownership issue.
  • While determining the authorship, it should be made sure that all the researchers who have contributed in the article and in the embodiment of the article are graded as authors and their contribution should be acknowledged, also the primary authorship should be awarded to the researcher who is behind the idea of the research in the first place.
  • Manuscript should include full affiliation of the institution and the authorship is a joint decision of all the authors and some co-authors who have contributed to a part of the article are also entitled for the full authorship of the article.
  • Manuscripts that include trials on animals or human beings should include documentation of the proof of approval obtained by the ethical board.

Plagiarism and Copyright Violations:

  • Plagiarism is copying of idea, thought and text of someone else without proper citation and presenting it as one’s own idea or thought work. It is the responsibility of the author to obtain permission of the previous author to reuse or republish his work.
  • PES Journal’s center uses software such as Viper, Plagiarism checker and copyscape to ensure that copy free content is accepted and published
  • Authors should ensure that the manuscript that they are submitting are plagiarism free and all the citations are properly provided at the right place. It should also be noted that citation do not justify mass copying of content to which owner has the rights.

Other important information:

The articles published in the journal is solely the embodied thought content of the authors and contributors, the article published in this journal do not necessarily reflect the views of the journal or the members of the editorial board or the publication team of the journal or of the institution to which the author is affiliated. The journal reserves full right to accept or reject a manuscript for publication, the decision taken by the editorial board or the publishing team would be final and no further clarification to the authors will be entertained. The journal is dedicated to follow the time limit strictly and will try to clear the manuscript within 1-3 months, however further delays owing to a number of reasons including the preference of the reviewers on selection and processing of the manuscript is not the responsibility of the journal.

Authors may request for the withdrawal of the manuscript, within a period of 7 days with effect from the date of submission of the manuscript, and no withdrawal will be entertained after the manuscript is put in review process of the journal Journal holds no obligation to communicate with the author in case of delayed if any in review process or publication of the manuscript, however the status of the manuscript publication can be disclosed to the author in some cases but the decision of such discloser depends upon the managing editor of the journal. Journal cannot be accounted for any loss or consequences that might occur owing the use of the content of the journal.